schizophrenia[skit′sə frē′nē ə, skiz′ə-; -fren′ē ə]
- Schizophrenia is a mental disorder where you perceive things incorrectly, often imagining things that are not real.
An example of schizophrenia is a mental disorder where a person begins to hear voices in his head and believe they are real.
- a major mental disorder of unknown cause typically characterized by a separation between the thought processes and the emotions, a distortion of reality accompanied by delusions and hallucinations, a fragmentation of the personality, motor disturbances, bizarre behavior, etc., often with no loss of basic intellectual functions: this term has largely replaced dementia praecox, since it does not always result in deterioration (dementia) or always develop in adolescence or before maturity (praecox)
- multiple personality disorder
- Informal a situation, state of mind, etc. in which widely conflicting opinions, ideas, or practices coexist, often resulting in indecision, vacillation, wavering, etc.
Origin of schizophreniaModern Latin ; from schizo- + Classical Greek phrēn, the mind + -ia
- Any of a group of psychiatric disorders associated with dopamine imbalance in the brain and usually characterized by psychotic behavior including delusions, hallucinations, withdrawal from reality, and disorganized patterns of thinking and speech.
- A situation or condition characterized by conflicting qualities, attitudes, or activities: the national schizophrenia that results from carrying out an unpopular war.
(countable and uncountable, plural schizophrenias)