After tracing the origin of commerce, Turgot develops Quesnay's theory that the land is the only source of wealth, and divides society into three classes, the productive or agricultural, the salaried (stipendiee) or artisan class, and the land-owning class (classe disponible).
Salaried officers of court.
Hitherto the work had been in charge of high-salaried civilian engineers who dwelt at a distance.
No person holding a lucrative office under the state or the United States, no salaried officer of a railroad company, and no officer of any court of record is eligible for membership in either house.
In Venetia the lives of the small proprietors and of the salaried peasants are often extremely miserable.