parenchyma[pə reŋ′ki mə, -ren′-]
- Parenchyma is defined as the functional part of organ tissue, or tissue found in the soft parts of plants and fruits.
An example of parenchyma is the pulp of a fruit.
- Anat. the essential or functional tissue of an organ, as distinguished from its connective tissue, blood vessels, etc.
- Bot. a soft tissue made up of thin-walled, undifferentiated living cells with air spaces between them, constituting the chief substance of plant leaves and roots, the pulp of fruits, the central portion of stems, etc.
- Zool. a spongy mass of tissue packing the spaces between the organs of some invertebrates
Origin of parenchymaModern Latin ; from Classical Greek anything poured in beside ; from para-, beside (see para-) + enchyma, infusion ; from enchein, to pour in ; from en-, in + cheein, to pour: see found
- Anatomy The tissue characteristic of an organ, as distinguished from associated connective or supporting tissues.
- Botany A simple plant tissue, composed of thin-walled cells and forming the greater part of leaves, roots, the pulp of fruit, and the pith of stems.
Origin of parenchymaNew Latin, from Greek parenkhuma, visceral flesh, from parenkhein, to pour in beside : para-, beside; see para–1 + en-, in; see en in Indo-European roots + khein, to pour; see gheu- in Indo-European roots.
- pa·ren′chy·mal, par′en·chym′a·tous
(countable and uncountable, plural parenchymas or parenchymata)
From Ancient Greek παρέγχυμα (parenkhuma, “anything poured in beside”), from παρά 'alongside' + -enchyma.