Green olives on an olive tree.
- an evergreen tree (Olea europaea) of the olive family, native to S Europe and the Near East, with leathery leaves, yellow flowers, and an edible fruit
- the small, oval fruit of this tree, eaten green or ripe as a relish, or pressed to extract olive oil
- the wood of this tree
- any of various plants resembling the olive
- an olive branch or wreath
- the dull, yellowish-green color of the unripe olive fruit
Origin of oliveOld French ; from Classical Latin oliva ; from Classical Greek elaia
- of the olive
- having a dark complexion tinged with this color
- designating a family (Oleaceae, order Scrophulariales) of dicotyledonous trees and shrubs with loose clusters of four-parted flowers, including the ashes, lilacs, jasmines, and forsythias
Origin of OliveMiddle English oliva ; from Classical Latin an olive
- a. A widely cultivated evergreen tree (Olea europaea) native to the Mediterranean region, having fragrant white flowers, gray-green lance-shaped leathery leaves, and edible fruit with oil-rich flesh surrounding a hard stone.b. The small oval fruit of this tree, usually changing in color from green to black as it ripens, used for food and as a source of oil.c. Any of various similar or related plants, such as the Russian olive.
- A yellow green of low to medium lightness and low to moderate saturation.
Origin of oliveMiddle English, from Latin olīva, from Greek *elaiwā, elaiā.
- An evergreen tree, Olea europaea, cultivated since ancient times in the Mediterranean for its fruit and the oil obtained from it.
- The small oval fruit of this tree, eaten ripe (usually black) or unripe (usually green).
- The wood of the olive tree.
- A dark yellowish-green color, that of an unripe olive.
- (anatomy) An olivary body, part of the medulla oblongata.
- A component of a plumbing compression joint; a ring which is placed between the nut and the pipe and compressed during fastening to provide a seal.
- (cooking) A small slice of meat seasoned, rolled up, and cooked.
- a beef olive
- olives of veal
- Any shell of the genus Oliva and allied genera; so called from the shape.
- (UK, dialect) An oystercatcher, a shore bird.
(comparative more olive, superlative most olive)
Old French olive (“olive, olive tree”), from Latin olīva (“olive”), from Ancient Greek ἐλαία (elaía), from Proto-Indo-European *loiu̯om (compare Old Church Slavonic [script?] (lojŭ, “tallow”), Old Armenian եւղ (ewł, “oil”)).