Origin of maundHindi and amp; Persian man ; from Sanskrit man?, probably ; from Semitic
Origin of maundHindi man, from Sanskrit manam, measure, from mim&imacron;te, ma-, he measures; see m&emacron;-2 in Indo-European roots.
From Middle English maunde, mande, from Old English mand, mond (“basket"), from Proto-Germanic *mandÅ (“basket"). Cognate with Dutch mand, Low German mande, archaic German Mande, later influenced by Anglo-Norman and Middle French mande (< Germanic). Related to mannequin.
- (archaic) A unit of weight in southern and western Asia, whose value varied widely by location. Two maunds made one chest of opium in East India. One maund equalled 136 pounds of opium in Turkey.
This spelling (maund) is usually used for the unit in British India, equal to 25 pounds avoirdupois at Madras, 28 pounds avoirdupois at Bombay and 10 troy pounds at Calcutta. For the equivalent unit in the Mughal Empire and in Persian- and Arabic-speaking countries, it is more usual to use the spelling mun or man (italicised to show that the word has not been assimilated into English).
Anglicised pronunciation of a word in many southern and western Asian languages. The -d probably from assimilation with Etymology 1 above, or from comparison with pound.
- (archaic) begging
(third-person singular simple present maunds, present participle maunding, simple past and past participle maunded)
- (archaic) to beg