- a heavy medieval war club, often with a spiked, metal head
- any similar weapon
- a staff used as a symbol of authority by certain officials
Origin of maceMiddle English from Old French masse from Vulgar Latin an unverified form mattea, a club from Classical Latin an unverified form matea from Indo-European base an unverified form mat-, a hoe, club from source mattock
Origin of maceME, assumed as singular of macis, mace from Old French from ML, probably scribal error for Classical Latin macir from Classical Greek makir, a fragrant resin from India
Origin of Macefrom mace
transitive verbMaced, Mac′ing
- A ceremonial staff borne or displayed as the symbol of authority of a legislative body.
- A macebearer.
- A heavy medieval war club with a spiked or flanged metal head, used to crush armor.
Origin of maceMiddle English from Old French masse from Vulgar Latin mattea
Origin of maceMiddle English back-formation from macis, maces mace (taken as a plural ending in -s ) ultimately ( partly via Old French macis ) from Medieval Latin macis perhaps from misreading of Latin macir the red bark of the root of a South Asian tree (possibly Holarrhena antidysenterica ) used as a remedy for dysentery from Greek makir of unknown origin
- A heavy fighting club.
- A ceremonial form of this weapon.
- A common name for some types of tear gas and pepper spray.
- A long baton used by some drum majors to keep time and lead a marching band. If this baton is referred to as a mace, by convention it has a ceremonial often decorative head, which, if of metal, usually is hollow and sometimes intricately worked.
(third-person singular simple present maces, present participle macing, simple past and past participle maced)
- To spray in defense or attack with mace (pepper spray, or, formerly, tear gas) using a hand-held device.
- (informal) To spray a similar noxious chemical in defense or attack using an available hand-held device such as an aerosol spray can.
- 1989 Hiaasen, Carl, Skin Tight, Ballantine Books, New York, ch.22:
- To hit someone or something with a mace.
- Get over here! I'll mace you good!
Middle English, from Anglo-Norman mace, mache, from Late Latin mattia or *mattea (compare Italian mazza, Spanish maza), from Proto-Indo-European *mat (“hoe, plow") (compare Latin mateola (“hoe"), Old High German medela (“plow"), Russian Ð¼Ð¾Ñ‚Ñ‹Ð³Ð° (motÃ½ga, “hoe, mattock"), Persian Ø¢Ù…Ø§Ø¬ (ÄmÄÇ°) "˜plow', Sanskrit à¤®à¤¤à¥à¤¯ (matyÃ¡, “harrow")).
Sense of tear gas, from the trade name Mace.
- A brand of tear gas.
- May be a trademark.