Macedonia[mas′ə dō′nē ə, -dōn′yə]
- ancient kingdom in SE Europe: now a region divided among Greece, the country of Macedonia, & Bulgaria
- country in the Balkan Peninsula: formerly (1946-91) a constituent republic of Yugoslavia: 9,928 sq mi (25,713 sq km); pop. 1,937,000; cap. Skopje
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- A region of southeast Europe on the Balkan Peninsula roughly coextensive with ancient Macedon and including parts of modern-day Greece, Bulgaria, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. After the fall of the Alexandrian empire, it was held by Romans, Byzantines, Bulgars, Serbs, and Turks. The present division was largely determined after the Second Balkan War (1913).
- A country of the central Balkan Peninsula. It was a constituent republic of the former Yugoslavia until it declared its independence in 1991. Skopje is the capital and the largest city. Population: 2,060,000.
- See Macedon.
Macedonia - Cultural Definition
Republic in southeastern Europe on the west Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Yugoslavia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. Its capital and largest city is Skopje.
- Macedonia is part of a mountainous region of the Balkan Peninsula, also called Macedonia, that was once ruled by the Ottoman Empire and divided in 1912 among Greece, Bulgaria, and Serbia (later Yugoslavia).
- Greece has objected to the republic's adoption of the name Macedonia, which is also the name of a Greek province and which to the Greeks has been historically associated with Alexander the Great and ancient Greece.
- The country has been marked by conflict between minority ethnic Albanians and majority Slavs.