Macedonia[mas′ə dō′nē ə, -dōn′yə]
- ancient kingdom in SE Europe: now a region divided among Greece, the country of Macedonia, & Bulgaria
- country in the Balkan Peninsula: formerly (1946-91) a constituent republic of Yugoslavia: 9,928 sq mi (25,713 sq km); pop. 1,937,000; cap. Skopje
- A region of southeast Europe on the Balkan Peninsula roughly coextensive with ancient Macedon and including parts of modern-day Greece, Bulgaria, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. After the fall of the Alexandrian empire, it was held by Romans, Byzantines, Bulgars, Serbs, and Turks. The present division was largely determined after the Second Balkan War (1913).
- A country of the south-central Balkan Peninsula. It was a constituent republic of the former Yugoslavia until it declared its independence in 1991. Skopje is the capital and the largest city.
- See Macedon.
- An ancient Greek kingdom, located to the north of Thessaly, comprising of the Greek city of Thessaloniki and its surroundings. (Also called Macedon.)
- The Republic of Macedonia, a country in Europe which is sometimes referred to elliptically (by the UN and others, pending the outcome of a dispute between Macedonia and Greece) as ‘the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’.
- The largest and second-most populous region of Greece, comprising the regions of West Macedonia, Central Macedonia and East Macedonia and Thrace.
- A modern geographical region which includes the republic of Macedonia, the Greek region of Macedonia, and a bit of Bulgaria.
- The part of that region which is in south-western Bulgaria. (Also called Pirin Macedonia or Bulgarian Macedonia.)
From Ancient Greek Μακεδονία (Makedonia, “Macedonia”), from μακεδονία (makedonia, “highland”), from μακεδνός (makednos, “high, tall”).