A country of southwest Asia in northwest Arabia. Inhabited since biblical times, the area was conquered by the Romans (first century A.D.), Arabs (seventh century), and Ottoman Turks, who held it from 1516 until World War I. As Transjordan the country became part of the British mandate of Palestine in 1920, gaining independence in 1946. It was renamed Jordan in 1949 after acquiring the West Bank, which it later renounced in 1974. Amman is the capital and the largest city. Population: 6,050,000.
Jor·daˈni·an adjective & n.
, Barbara Charline 1936-1996.
American politician. An eloquent spokesperson for the rights of poor people and minority groups, she served as a U.S. representative for Texas (1973-1979).
, Michael Jeffrey Born 1963.
American basketball player. A guard with the Chicago Bulls (1985-1993, 1995-1999) he holds a National Basketball Association record for most seasons leading the league in scoring, and was named the NBA's most valuable player four times.
Monarchy in the Middle East, bordered by Syria to the north, Iraq to the northeast, Saudi Arabia to the east and south, and Israel to the west. Amman is its capital and largest city.
Jordan is an Arab nation.
King Hussein, a controversial figure in Middle Eastern affairs, ruled from 1953 until his death in 2000. Although he tried to maintain cordial relations with the West, he opposed the Egypt (see also Egypt)-Israel peace agreement of 1979, endorsed the Palestine Liberation Organization, and refused to join the alliance against Iraq during the Persian Gulf War.