- island in the North Atlantic, southeast of Greenland
- country including this island & a few small nearby islands: settled by Norwegians in 9th cent. ; united with Norway (1262), with Denmark (1380); became an independent kingdom with a common sovereign with Denmark (1918), and an independent republic (1944): 39,769 sq mi (103,000 sq km); cap. Reykjavik
An island country in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle. Norse settlers arrived c. 850–875, and Christianity was introduced c. 1000. Iceland passed to Norway in 1262 and, with Norway, to Denmark in 1380. In 1918 it became a sovereign state still nominally under the Danish king, until Icelanders voted for full independence in 1944. Reykjavík is the capital and the largest city.
- A country in Europe. Official name: Republic of Iceland.
- An island in the North Atlantic Ocean.