- island in the North Atlantic, southeast of Greenland
- country including this island & a few small nearby islands: settled by Norwegians in 9th cent. ; united with Norway (1262), with Denmark (1380); became an independent kingdom with a common sovereign with Denmark (1918), and an independent republic (1944): 39,769 sq mi (103,000 sq km); cap. Reykjavik
An island country in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle. Norse settlers arrived c. 850-875, and Christianity was introduced c. 1000. Iceland passed to Norway in 1262 and, with Norway, to Denmark in 1380. In 1918 it became a sovereign state still nominally under the Danish king, until Icelanders voted for full independence in 1944. Reykjavík is the capital and the largest city.x
- A country in Europe. Official name: Republic of Iceland.
- An island in the North Atlantic Ocean.
- Arason, who was the last Roman Catholic bishop in Iceland, is celebrated as a poet, and as the man who introduced printing into the island.
- Maps of the Faroer and of Iceland have likewise been issued.
- In 1854 the trade of Iceland was declared free to all nations.
- Greenland, like Iceland, had a republican organization up to the years 1247 to 1261, when the Greenlanders were induced to swear allegiance to the king of Norway.
- On his monument was placed the inscription: "The beloved son of Iceland, her honour, sword, and shield."