a borrowing by which a specialized meaning of a word or phrase in one language is transferred to another language by a literal translation of each of the individual elements (Ex.: masterpiece, from German meisterstück)
Origin of calqueFr, an imitation, tracing from calquer, to trace from Italian calcare, to press, trample from L, to tread: see caulk
See loan translation.
transitive verbcalqued, calque·ing, calques
To make a loan translation from (a word in another language).
Origin of calqueFrench from calquer to trace, copy from Italian calcare to press from Latin calcāre to tread on from calx heel
- A word or phrase in a language formed by word-for-word or morpheme-by-morpheme translation of a word in another language.
- The word "watershed" is a calque of the German "Wasserscheide".
(third-person singular simple present calques, present participle calquing, simple past and past participle calqued)
OriginSee also: calqué