a borrowing by which a specialized meaning of a word or phrase in one language is transferred to another language by a literal translation of each of the individual elements (Ex.: masterpiece, from German meisterstück)
Origin of calqueFr, an imitation, tracing ; from calquer, to trace ; from Italian calcare, to press, trample ; from L, to tread: see caulk
See loan translation.
transitive verbcalqued, calque·ing, calques
To make a loan translation from (a word in another language).
Origin of calqueFrench, from calquer, to trace, copy, from Italian calcare, to press, from Latin calcare, to tread on, from calx, heel.
- A word or phrase in a language formed by word-for-word or morpheme-by-morpheme translation of a word in another language.
- The word "watershed" is a calque of the German "Wasserscheide".
(third-person singular simple present calques, present participle calquing, simple past and past participle calqued)
OriginSee also: calqué