- The definition of a gerund is a grammar term used to describe a verb that acts like a noun.
An example of a gerund is the word "skiing" in the sentence "Skiing is something I like to do," since "skiing" is the thing you like doing and not the action of the sentence.
- in Latin, a verbal noun in the singular of all cases but the nominative, used to indicate continuing or generalized action (Ex.: probandi in onus probandi, “the burden of proving”)
- in other languages, any of various forms analogous of this; specif., an English verbal noun ending in -ing that has all the uses of the noun but retains certain syntactic characteristics of the verb, such as the ability to take an object or an adverbial modifier (Ex.: playing in “Playing golf is his only exercise”)
Origin: LL gerundium from Classical Latin gerundus, gerund, gerundive of gerere, to do, carry out
- gerundial adjective
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- In Latin, a noun derived from a verb and having all case forms except the nominative.
- In other languages, a verbal noun analogous to the Latin gerund, such as the English form ending in -ing when used as a noun, as in singing in We admired the choir's singing.
Origin: Late Latin gerundium, from alteration (modeled on participium, participle) of Latin gerundum, variant of gerendum, neuter gerundive of gerere, to carry on.
- ge·runˈdi·al adjective