An example of a gerund is the word "skiing" in the sentence "Skiing is something I like to do," since "skiing" is the thing you like doing and not the action of the sentence.
In the Russian 'Нельзя переходить улицу, читая газету.’ (One shouldn’t cross a street while reading a newspaper.), читая ‘while reading’ is a gerund.
Origin of gerund
- Late Latin gerundium from alteration (modeled on participium participle) of Latin gerundum variant of gerendum neuter gerundive of gerere to carry on
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- From Latin gerundium, from gerundus (“which is to be carried out”), future passive participle (gerundive) of gerō (“carry, bear”).