- in Latin, a verbal adjective with a typical gerund stem form, used as a future passive participle expressing duty, necessity, fitness, etc. (Ex.: delenda in delenda est Carthago, “Carthage must be destroyed”)
- in other languages, any of various forms analogous to this
Origin of gerundiveMiddle English gerundif from Late Latin gerundivus from gerundium: see gerund
Origin of gerundiveMiddle English gerundif from Late Latin gerundīvus from gerundium gerund ; see gerund .
English grammar does not have an exact equivalent to the Latin gerundive. English verbal adjectives ending in -ing are similar, but the Latin gerundive implies a sense of necessity that is lacking from the English construct. For example, the word “agenda” (i.e. “those things that ought to be done,” not just “things to be done”) conveys the sense of necessity from the Latin gerundive.