He composed odes, elegies, epigrams, dramatic pieces and an unfinished epic, the Theodoriceis.
His epigrams, edited by Hartfelder, were published at Berlin in 1881.
The Greek anthology contains thirty-four of his epigrams. From the excavations of the villa at Herculaneum there have been recovered thirtysix treatises attributed to Philodemus, and it has been suggested that the villa was actually owned by him; but this is generally denied.
He is specially famous for his splendid descriptions of scenery (The Song of Gilsbakki), his love-songs and his sarcastic epigrams. As a translator he has enriched the literature with The Arabian Nights, Sakuntala, King Lear and several other masterpieces of foreign literature.
There are several epigrams on it in the Greek anthology.