- The definition of compression is the action or state of being squished down or made smaller or more pressed together.
When a pile of material is squished together and made smaller and more dense, this is an example of compression.
Compression crushed this can.
- a compressing or being compressed
- Mech. the compressing of the air-fuel mixture in an internal-combustion engine just before ignition
Origin of compressionMiddle English ; from Old French ; from Classical Latin compressio
- a. The act or process of compressing.b. The state of being compressed.
- a. The process by which the working substance in a heat engine, such as the vapor mixture in the cylinder of an internal-combustion engine, is compressed.b. The engine cycle during which this process occurs.
- Computers The process by which data is compressed into a form that minimizes the space required to store or transmit it.
- an increase in density; the act of compressing, or the state of being compressed; compaction
- the cycle of an internal combustion engine during which the fuel and air mixture is compressed
- (computing) the process by which data is compressed
- (music) the electronic process by which any sound's gain is automatically controlled
From Middle French compression, from Latin compressio.
compression - Computer Definition
A means of reducing the amount of data to be transmitted or stored. Compression is possible since there always is some amount of data redundancy or there may be a predictable flow to the data. These characteristics of a set of data or a stream of data allow the use of a sort of mathematical algorithm to represent or describe the original data in fewer bits. A matching decompression process reverses the compression process and restores the data to its original form, or an approximation thereof. Compression serves to improve the efficiency of data transmission and storage, and is especially valuable if bandwidth and memory resources are limited. Data compression techniques can include the following:
The storing of data in a format requiring less space. In communications, data compression is helpful because it enables devices to store or transmit the same amount of data in fewer bits, thus making the transmission of the data faster. Compression falls into two main categories: lossless compression and lossy compression. With lossless compression, the original data can be restored to be an exact replica of the original, whereas with lossy compression, one accepts some quality losses in the compression/decompression steps. Lossy compression is used mainly for audio and video data, for which the loss in data quality is easily overlooked by the human user. Before data is encrypted, it can be compressed using the compression standard gzip and its compression library zlib. Encrypted data can be entirely noncompressed.
See Also: Bit and Bit Challenges.