coaxial cable - Computer Definition
A very robust shielded copper cable. All components are symmetrically arranged around a common axis, or center point, hence the term coaxial. A coax cable has a relatively thick center conductor (in comparison to a twisted-pair conductor), generally solid, although stranded wire sometimes is used in applications requiring greater flex strength.The metal used for the inner conductor may be bare copper, silvered copper, tinned copper, copper-clad aluminum or copper-covered steel. A layer of dielectric material, either foam or solid, generally surrounds the inner conductor, serving to separate it from the single outer conductor, or sometimes two outer conductors.The conductor(s) comprising the outer shield generally consists of a solid aluminum foil, although a braided or stranded metal screen of aluminum, bare copper, silvered copper, copper-clad aluminum, or tinned copper may be used. The entire cable is then protected by a sheath of dielectric material such as PVC or Teflon
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A high-capacity cable widely used in audio, video and data applications. Commonly called "coax" (pronounced "co-axe"), coaxial cable is used for hooking up TVs to antennas, cable and digital satellite service. It is also used for cable modems and various digital interfaces such as S/PDIF.Strong and flexible, coaxial cable contains an insulated solid or stranded wire in the center, surrounded by insulation. The insulation is wrapped with an aluminum or copper sheath, which can be a wrapped foil or a braided wire fabric. The sheath serves as the ground line and interference shield. All of this is wrapped in a plastic cover, which may have a fire-safe Teflon coating. There Are Many Types Often similar in appearance, there are several types of coaxial cables. Typically with impedances of 50 or 75 Ohms, cables have different outside diameters and maximum capacities for operating voltage. Cables are also rated for signal loss (attenuation in dBs per 100 feet). Coaxial cable types are designated with an RG (radio grade) prefix such as RG-6. Following are the most common coaxial cables; however, there are many more types in use. Impedance Core Layers Range in Dia. in Typical Type Ohms (mm) Sheath Purpose RG-6 75-76 1.0 two TV, cable, sat RG-6 Quad 75-76 1.0 four TV, cable, sat RG-58 50-53.5 0.9 one TV, thin Ethernet RG-59 73-75 0.81 one TV, cable, S/PDIF RG-59 Quad 73-75 0.81 four TV, cable, S/PDIF
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coaxial cable - Science Definition
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