- The definition of china means dishware made of porcelain or earthenware.
An example of china is a porcelain plate used for special occasions.
- China is a country in Asia.
An example of China is the country with the capital of Beijing.
Four china plates.
china definition by Webster's New World
- porcelain or any ceramic ware like porcelain
- dishes, ornaments, etc. made of china
- any earthenware dishes or crockery
Origin: after China, where first produced
- country in E Asia: before 1912, the Chinese Empire: 3,696,100 sq mi (9,572,862 sq km); pop. 1,130,511,000; cap. Beijingofficially called the People's Republic of China since 1949
- this country variously from 1912 until the Kuomintang party fled to Taiwan in 1949
china definition by American Heritage Dictionary
- High-quality porcelain or ceramic ware, originally made in China.
- Porcelain or earthenware used for the table.
Origin: Persian chīnī, ultimately from Chinese (Mandarin) Qín, Qin; see Qin.Word History: Our term china for porcelain or ceramic ware is a shortening of chinaware and probably china dishes. Although the word china is identical in spelling to the name of the country, there are 16th- and 17th-century spellings like chiney, cheny, and cheney that reflect the borrowing into English of the Persian term for this porcelain, chīnī. The Persian word and the Sanskrit word cīnāḥ, “Chinese people,” which gave us the English name for the country, go back to the Chinese word Qín, the name of the dynasty that ruled China from 221 to 206 B.C.
, People's Republic of
, Republic of
china - Ologies & -Isms Definition
china - Cultural Definition
Nation in eastern Asia, bordered by Russia and North Korea to the east; Russia and Mongolia to the north; Russia and Afghanistan to the west; and Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Laos, and Vietnam to the south. Its capital is Beijing, and its largest city is Shanghai.
- China is the most populous country in the world and the third largest, after Russia and Canada.
- The Boxer Rebellion of 1900 grew out of strong resentment of foreign influence in China.
- A revolution in 1911 overthrew the Qing dynasty, ending the two-thousand-year-old imperial system.
- Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of the Chinese Nationalists, established the government of Nationalist China (see also Nationalist China) in 1928 in Nanjing.
- The Second Sino-Japanese War, which lasted from 1937 to 1945 (merging with World War II in 1941), grew out of Japanese encroachments on Chinese land.
- The Chinese communists, with Mao Zedong as their leader, defeated Chiang's Nationalists in 1949, proclaiming the People's Republic of China. The Nationalists withdrew to the island of Taiwan.
- In 1950, Chinese forces joined the North Korean army in the Korean War.
- In 1958, Mao undertook the “Great Leap Forward” campaign, a crash program of industrialization, but none of its goals were reached, and the effort collapsed.
- In 1960, the ideological split between the Soviet Union and China widened, and the Soviets withdrew all aid.
- In the mid-1960s, Mao's wife, acting on his behalf, and three colleagues, later known as the Gang of Four, advanced the goals of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, aimed at eliminating old ideas and customs. Mobs attacked schools and cultural centers, brutally disrupting the entire nation. With the death of Mao in 1976 and the trial of the Gang of Four in 1980, the Cultural Revolution came to an end.
- In 1972, President Richard Nixon visited China, reopening relations between mainland China and the United States.
- In 1989, the government brutally suppressed pro-democracy demonstrations in Tiananmen Square.
- Although China remains officially communist, its government encourages capitalism in designated areas, especially in its southeastern provinces. China has experienced considerable economic development in recent decades. Relations with the United States remain tense, especially over Taiwan, but the United States supported China's admission to the World Trade Organization (WTO).