'I don't grieve for myself,' he says, 'God, it seems, has chastened me.
The rovers who first chastened and finally colonized southern England and Normandy were certainly Danes.
In showing the necessity of dogma and the indispensableness of the austere, ascetic, chastened and graver side of the Christian religion.
In comparing the Irish tales with the saga, there will be felt deep divergencies in matter, style and taste, the richness of one contrasting with the chastened simplicity of the other; the one's half-comic, half-earnest bombast is wholly unlike the other's grim humour; the marvellous, so unearthly in the one, is almost credible in the other; but in both are the keen grasp of character, the biting phrase, the love of action and the delight in blood which almost assumes the garb of a religious passion.
Petrarch's lyrics continue the Provencal tradition as it had been reformed in Tuscany, with a subtler and more modern analysis of emotion, a purer and more chastened style, than his masters could boast.