The peace of Belgrade (September 1739) was, by its renewal -of the capitulations, a great material success for France, and a great moral victory by the rebuff to Austria and Russia.
Without regaining that preponderance in the Levant which had been secured after the victory of Lepanto and before the civil wars, Marseilles still took an honorable place there, confirmed by the renewal in 1604 of the capitulations of Francis I.
In virtue of old treaties, known as the Capitulations, foreigners enjoy to a large extent the rights of exterritoriality.
He immediately declared that election "capitulations," which cardinals had long been in the habit of affirming as rules of conduct for future popes, could affect a new pope only as counsels, not as binding obligations.
New capitulations were concluded with the sultan Ahmed I.