BASSES-ALPES, a department of south-eastern France, formed in i 790 out of the northern portion of Provence.
BASSES-PYRENEES, a department of south-western France, at the angle of the Bay of Biscay, formed in 1790, two-thirds of it from Beam and the rest from three districts of GasconyBasse-Navarre, Soule and Labourd.
Basses-Pyrenees is bounded N.
The lower course of the Adour forms the boundary between Basses-Pyrenees and Landes; it enters' the sea a short distance below Bayonne over a shifting bar, which has often altered the position of its mouth.
The railway lines of Basses-Pyrenees, the chief of which is that from Bayonne to Toulouse via Orthez and Pau, belong to the Southern Company.