basilica[bə sil′i kə; also, -zil′-]
- Obsolete a royal palace
- in ancient Rome, a rectangular building with a broad nave ending in an apse, and flanked by colonnaded aisles, used as a courtroom, public hall, etc.
- a Christian church built in this style
- R.C.Ch. a church granted certain ceremonial rights
Origin of basilicaClassical Latin ; from Classical Greek basilikē (stoa), royal (portico) ; from basilikos: see basil
- a. A public building of ancient Rome having a central nave with an apse at one or both ends and two side aisles formed by rows of columns, which was used as a courtroom or assembly hall.b. A Christian church building of a similar design, having a nave with a semicircular apse, two or four side aisles, a narthex, and a clerestory.
- Roman Catholic Church A church that has been accorded certain privileges by the pope.
Origin of basilicaLatin, from Greek basilikē, from feminine of basilikos, royal, from basileus, king.
plan of the 4th-century ad
St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy
From Latin basilica, from Ancient Greek basilike, from basilike stoa, "royal hall", ultimately from Ancient Greek βασιλικός (basilikos, “royal”), from βασιλεύς (basileus, “king, chief”).