An engraving of the fall of Babylon.
ancient empire in SW Asia, in the lower valley of the Tigris & Euphrates rivers: it flourished c. 2100-689 and again, as Chaldea or “New Babylonia,” c. 625-538
Origin of BabyloniaClassical Latin ; from Classical Greek Babylōnia ; from Babylōn: see Babylon
An ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 BC and fell to the Persians in 539.