An engraving of the fall of Babylon.
Babylonia definition by Webster's New World
Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio. Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ancient empire in SW Asia, in the lower valley of the Tigris & Euphrates rivers: it flourished c. 2100-689 and again, as Chaldea or “New Babylonia,” c. 625-538
Origin: Classical Latin ; from Classical Greek Babylōnia ; from Babylōn: see Babylon
Babylonia definition by American Heritage Dictionary
An ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 B.C. and fell to the Persians in 539.