Origin of archaeopteryxModern Latin from archaeo- + Classical Greek pteryx, wing: see feather
a reptilian bird (genus Archaeopteryx) of the Jurassic Period, that had teeth and feathers, a lizardlike tail, and well-developed wings
A small extinct vertebrate of the genus Archaeopteryx of the Jurassic Period, having feathered wings with claws and a long toothed snout. It has been classified variously as a prehistoric bird and as a theropod dinosaur.
Origin of archaeopteryxNew Latin Archaeopteryx genus name archaeo- Greek pterux wing ; see pet- in Indo-European roots.
cast of an archaeopteryx fossil
- Alternative spelling of archæopteryx.
From Ancient Greek ἀρχαῖος (archaios, “ancient”) with πτέρυξ (pterux, “wing”).
- Such a pygostyle is absent in Archaeopteryx, Hesperornis, Tinami and Ratitae, but it occurs individually in old specimens of the ostrich and the kiwi.
- Reduction of the number of toes (the fifth shows no traces whatever, not even in Archaeopteryx) begins with the hallux, which is completely or partly absent in many birds; the second toe is absent in Struthio only.
- Dames, " Uber Brustbein Schulterand Beckengi.irtel der Archaeopteryx," Math.
- A wide gap separates Archaeopteryx from the next order of fossil birds of the Cretaceous epoch, and, since freshwater deposits of that age are rare, bird remains are uncommon.
- Archaeopteryx, A.