In Catalonia, with a state of siege, he made himself the terror of the anarchists and socialists.
The anarchists, under the leadership of Peukert, seem to have attained considerable numbers.
The government, which was seriously alarmed, introduced severe repressive measures; the leading anarchists were expelled or fled the country.
At Milan it was more serious and lasted longer than elsewhere, as the movement was controlled by the anarchists under Arturo Labriola; the hooligans committed many acts of savage violence, especially against those workmen who refused to strike, and much property was wilfully destroyed.
The assassin, who, it was for a time supposed, had been inflamed by the editorials and cartoons of the demagogic opposition press, but who professed to hold the views of that branch of anarchists who believe in the assassination of rulers and persons exercising political authority, was promptly seized, and was convicted and executed in October 1901.