anarchism[an′ər kiz′əm, -är-]
- the theory that all forms of government interfere unjustly with individual liberty and should be replaced by the voluntary association of cooperative groups
- resistance, sometimes by terrorism, to organized government
Origin of anarchismanarch(y) + -ism
- The theory or doctrine that all forms of government are oppressive and undesirable and should be abolished.
- Active resistance and terrorism against the state, as used by some anarchists.
- Rejection of all forms of coercive control and authority: “He was inclined to anarchism; he hated system and organization and uniformity” (Bertrand Russell).
(usually uncountable, plural anarchisms)
- The belief that proposes the absence and abolition of hierarchy and authority in most forms.
- (specifically), a political and philosophical belief that all forms of involuntary rule or government are undesirable or unnecessary, and that society could function without a ruler or involuntary government (a state).
From anarchy + -ism.