a policy or program for correcting the effects of discrimination in the employment or education of members of certain groups, as women, blacks, etc.
A policy or a program that seeks to redress past discrimination through active measures to ensure equal opportunity, as in education and employment.
(usually uncountable, plural affirmative actions)
affirmative action - Legal Definition
Any acts by a private or public entity to eliminate discrimination, to correct or remedy the effects of past discrimination, or to prevent future discrimination. Such discrimination is usually based on the race, sex, national origin, or disability of the person being discriminated against. See also reverse discrimination.