- Gram. designating, of, or in the case of the direct object of a finite verb: also sometimes used of the objective case in English
Origin of accusativeMiddle English acusatif ; from Classical Latin accusativus ; from accusare, accuse: Classical Latin mistranslation (by Priscian) of Classical Greek grammatical term correctly rendered causativus, causative: the goal or end point of an action was origin, originally considered to be its cause
- the accusative case
- a word in this case
- Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case that is the direct object of a verb or the object of certain prepositions.
- The accusative case.
- A word or form in the accusative case.
Origin of accusativeMiddle English acusatif, from Old French, from Latin (casus) acc&umacron;sat&imacron;vus, (case) of accusation (mistranslation of Greek aitiatik&emacron; (pt&omacron;sis), causal (case), (case) indicating the thing caused by the verb, from aitia, cause, also accusation, charge), from acc&umacron;satus, past participle of acc&umacron;sare, to accuse; see accuse.
- (grammar case): acc., A.
(comparative more accusative, superlative most accusative)
- Producing accusations; accusatory; accusatorial; in a manner that reflects a finding of fault or blame
- (grammar) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects.
- (grammar) The accusative case.
First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English, and from Anglo-Norman accusatif, from Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“of accusing”), from accūsātus, perfect passive participle of accūsō. The Latin form was mistranslated from Ancient Greek αἰτιατική (aitiatikē) + πτῶσις (ptōsis, “case of that which was caused”) from αιτία (aitia, “accusation or cause”). Akin to accuse.