accusative[ə kyo̵̅o̅′zə tiv]
- Gram. designating, of, or in the case of the direct object of a finite verb: also sometimes used of the objective case in English
Origin of accusativeMiddle English acusatif ; from Classical Latin accusativus ; from accusare, accuse: Classical Latin mistranslation (by Priscian) of Classical Greek grammatical term correctly rendered causativus, causative: the goal or end point of an action was origin, originally considered to be its cause
- the accusative case
- a word in this case
- Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case that is the direct object of a verb or the object of certain prepositions.
- The accusative case.
- A word or form in the accusative case.
Origin of accusativeMiddle English acusatif, from Old French, from Latin (cāsus) accūsātīvus, (case) of accusation (mistranslation of Greek aitiātikē (ptōsis), causal (case), (case) indicating the thing caused by the verb, from aitiā, cause, also accusation, charge), from accūsātus, past participle of accūsāre, to accuse; see accuse.
(comparative more accusative, superlative most accusative)
- Producing accusations; accusatory; accusatorial; in a manner that reflects a finding of fault or blame
- This hath been a very accusative age — Sir E. Dering
- (grammar) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects.
- (grammar) The accusative case.
First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English, and from Anglo-Norman accusatif, from Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“of accusing”), from accūsātus, perfect passive participle of accūsō. The Latin form was mistranslated from Ancient Greek αἰτιατική (aitiatikē) + πτῶσις (ptōsis, “case of that which was caused”) from αιτία (aitia, “accusation or cause”). Akin to accuse.