It was popular in the middle ages, hexameter abridgments being current under the names of Theodericus and Petrus Diaconus.
From the middle of the 16th century the elements of Latin were generally learned from unattractive abridgments of the grammar of the Flemish scholar, van Pauteren or Despautere (d.
The unhappy lot of those who were compelled to learn their Latin from the current abridgments was lamented by a Port-Royalist in a striking passage describing the gloomy forest of le pays de Despautere (Guyot, quoted in Sainte-Beuve's Port-Royal, iii.
Other abridgments, not by Bower, were made about the same time, one about 1450 (perhaps by Patrick Russell, a Carthusian of Perth) preserved in the Advocates' library (MS. 35.6.
Yet Homilies and Recognitions are abridgments made on different principles and convey rather different impressions to their readers.