When a neuron releases a neurotransmitter which then binds to receptors located within the plasma membrane of a cell, initiating an electrical response or exciting or inhibiting the neuron, this is an example of a chemical synapse.
Other Word Forms
Origin of synapse
- Greek sunapsis point of contact from sunaptein to join together sun- syn- haptein to fasten
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- From Ancient Greek σύναψις (sunapsis, “conjunction"), from συνάπτω (sunaptō, “to clasp").