Neuron definition

no͝orŏn, nyo͝or-
Frequency:
The structural and functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the nerve cell body and all its processes, including an axon and one or more dendrites.
noun
8
1
Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
noun
6
0
A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates.
noun
5
0
Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
noun
5
1
A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates.
noun
3
0
Advertisement
A cell of the nervous system. Neurons typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body.
3
0
The definition of a neuron is a basic nerve cell that builds the nervous system and transmits information throughout the body.

An example of a neuron is a cell that tells your body to react to pain.

noun
1
0
(cytology) A cell of the nervous system, which conducts nerve impulses; consisting of an axon and several dendrites. Neurons are connected by synapses.
noun
1
0
Title of a peer reviewed journal established in 1988 by publisher Cell Press.
pronoun
1
0

Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
neuron
Plural:
neurons

Origin of neuron

  • Greek sinew, string, nerve (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From New Latin, from Ancient Greek νεῦρον (neuron, “nerve").

    From Wiktionary