When the "cotton states" seceded, Garfield appeared as a warm supporter of vigorous.
They seceded in 1839 and maintained their independence until 1843.
Up to 1870 he remained an agitator, but, after the liberation of Rome, seceded from the historic left, and became leader of the extreme left, a position held until his death on the 30th of April 1886.
In 1861 Maryland as a whole was opposed to secession but also opposed to coercing the seceded states.
The measures for the rehabilitation of the states that had seceded from the Union occupied the chief attention of Congress for several years, and Blaine bore a leading part in framing and discussing them.