Quake definitions

kwāk
To shake or tremble, as from instability or shock.
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To shiver or shudder, as with cold or from strong emotion.
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To tremble or shake, as the ground does in an earthquake.
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To shudder or shiver, as from fear or cold.
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A shaking or tremor.
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An earthquake, moonquake, etc.
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We felt a quake in the apartment every time the train went by.

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An earthquake, a trembling of the ground with force.

California is plagued by quakes; there are a few minor ones almost every month.

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(intransitive) To tremble or shake.

I felt the ground quaking beneath my feet.

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An instance of quaking.
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An earthquake.
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Origin of quake

From Middle English quaken, from Old English cwacian (“to quake, tremble, chatter"), from Proto-Germanic *kwakōnÄ… (“to shake, quiver, tremble"), from Proto-Indo-European *gÊ·og- (“to shake, swing"), related to Old English cweccan (“to shake, swing, move, vibrate, shake off, give up") (see quitch), Eastern Frisian kwakkelje (“to flounder, limp"), Dutch kwakkelen (“to ail, be ailing"), German Quackelei (“chattering"), Danish kvakle (“to bungle"), Latin vÄ“xō (“toss, shake violently, jostle, vex"), Irish bogadh (“a move, movement, shift, change").