A union (not merger) between two (more) states through the person of a shared monarch, who is head of state of each, under separate constitutions, although dyastic policy aims to continue this union after each succession to the thrones.
Many personal unions were ended by differences in the monarchies' rules of dynastic succession, while cases of dispute thereabout lead to dynastic wars.
Other Word Forms of Personal-union
Personal-union Sentence Examples
He made desperate efforts to conciliate the population, and succeeded with a few of the nobles, who were led to believe in the possibility of an Italian confederation, including Lombardy and Venetia which would be united to Austria by a personal union alone; but the immense majority of all classes rejected these advances, and came to regard union with Piedmont with increasing favor.
This personal union of the two countries was more glorious than profitable.
He did his best to get at the real facts, and after a number of conferences with the leaders became so convinced that nothing but a separate administration of the two countries would restore tranquillity that he promised to use his influence with his father to bring about that object - on receiving assurances that the personal union under the house of Orange would be maintained.
A large party wished indeed that nothing should be left but a purely personal union similar to that between England and Hanover.
Portugal was not to be regarded as a conquered or annexed province, but as a separate kingdom, joined to Spain solely by a personal union similar to the union between Castile and Aragon under Ferdinand and Isabella.