- often Paradise The Garden of Eden.
a. In various religious traditions, the Edenic or heavenly abode of righteous souls after death.
b. According to some forms of Christian belief, an intermediate resting place for righteous souls awaiting the Resurrection.
a. A place of great beauty or happiness: saw the park as a paradise within a noisy city.
b. A state of delight or happiness: The newlyweds have been in paradise for months.
Origin of paradise
Middle English paradis from
Old French from
Late Latin paradīsus from
Greek paradeisos garden, enclosed park, paradise from
Avestan pairidaēza- enclosure, park pairi- around
; see per1
in Indo-European roots. daēza- wall
; see dheigh-
in Indo-European roots.
- par′a·di·si′a·cal par′a·di·si′ac par′a·di·sa′i·cal par′a·di·sa′ic par′a·dis′al
- par′a·di·si′a·cal·ly par′a·di·sa′i·cal·ly par′a·dis′al·ly
From an etymological perspective at least, paradise is located in ancient Iran—for it is there that the word paradise
ultimately originates. The old Iranian language Avestan had a noun pairidaēza-,
“a wall enclosing a garden or orchard,” which is composed of pairi-,
“around,” and daēza-
“wall.” The adverb and preposition pairi
is related to the equivalent Greek form peri,
as in perimeter. Daēza-
comes from the Indo-European root *dheigh-,
“to mold, form, shape.” Zoroastrian religion encouraged maintaining arbors, orchards, and gardens, and even the kings of austere Sparta were edified by seeing the Great King of Persia planting and maintaining his own trees in his own garden. Xenophon, a Greek mercenary soldier who spent some time in the Persian army and later wrote histories, recorded the pairidaēza-
surrounding the orchard as paradeisos,
using it not to refer to the wall itself but to the huge parks that Persian nobles loved to build and hunt in. This Greek word was used in the Septuagint translation of Genesis to refer to the Garden of Eden, and then Latin translations of the Bible used the Greek word in its Latinized form, paradisus.
The Latin word was then borrowed into Old English and used to designate the Garden of Eden. In Middle English, the form of the word was influenced by its Old French equivalent, paradis,
and it is from such Middle English forms as paradis
that our Modern English word descends.
- (chiefly religion) Heaven; the abode of sanctified souls after death.
- (figuratively) A very pleasant place.
- an island paradise in the Caribbean
- (figuratively) A very positive experience.
- (architecture) An open space within a monastery or adjoining a church, such as the space within a cloister, the open court before a basilica, etc.
- A churchyard or cemetery.
(third-person singular simple present paradises, present participle paradising, simple past and past participle paradised)
- To affect or exalt with visions of felicity; to entrance; to bewitch.
Middle English, from Old French, from Latin paradÄ«sus, from Ancient Greek Ï€Î±ÏÎ¬Î´ÎµÎ¹ÏƒÎ¿Ï‚ (paradeisos), from Old Iranian *pari-daiza, compare Avestan ð¬žð¬€ð¬Œð¬ð¬Œâ¸±ð¬›ð¬€ð¬‰ð¬°ð¬€ (pairi daÄ“za, “walled enclusure, encompassing"), from ð¬žð¬€ð¬Œð¬ð¬Œ (pairi, “around") and ð¬›ð¬€ð¬‰ð¬°ð¬€ (daÄ“za, “wall"). ð¬›ð¬€ð¬‰ð¬°ð¬€ (daÄ“za, “wall") may be from Proto-Indo-European *dheigÊ· (“to stick, set up").
- (religion) Heaven.
- (religion) The Garden of Eden.
- A town in California
- A town in Grenada
- A city in Kansas
- A CDP in Montana
- A town in Newfoundland and Labrador
- A rural locality in New Zealand
- A community in Nova Scotia
- A CDP in Pennsylvania
- A village in Suriname
- A city in Texas
- A town in Utah
- A settlement on the island of Saint Croix in the United States Virgin Islands
From French paradis, from Latin paradisus, from Ancient Greek Ï€Î±ÏÎ¬Î´ÎµÎ¹ÏƒÎ¿Ï‚ "˜royal park, orchard', from Avestan ð¬žð¬€ð¬Œð¬ð¬Œð¬¸ð¬›ð¬€ð¬‰ð¬°ð¬€ (pairi.daÄ“za), from ð¬žð¬€ð¬Œð¬ð¬Œ (pairi, “around") and ð¬›ð¬€ð¬‰ð¬°ð¬€ (daÄ“za, “wall").