Gem-engraving and jewelry follow similar lines; pottery-painting for the most part remains geometrical throughout, with crude survivals of Mycenaean curvilinear forms. Those Aegean influences, however, which had been predominant in the later Bronze Age, and had never wholly ceased, revived, as Hellenism matured and spread, and slowly repelled the mixed Phoenician orientalism.
His most recent books include Orientalism, The A to Z of Postmodern Life and the co-authored international bestseller Why Do People Hate America?
Both share a passion for romantic Orientalism and have frequently featured together in important books on Romanticism and the East.
Its arrival, whilst reading the late Edward W Said's seminal book Orientalism, was timely.
But such a priori slicing up of European Orientalism needs to be given a better and more convincing reason.