Mpeg meaning

ĕmpĕg
Any of a set of standards established for the compression of digital video and audio data.
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A file of digital video and audio data that has been so compressed.

Downloaded an MPEG of the new video from the Internet.

noun
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Short for Moving Pictures Expert Group.
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Any of a set of standards established for the compression of digital audio and video data.
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(Moving Picture Experts Group) A family of ISO/ITU standards for compressing digital video. Pronounced "em-peg," it is the universal standard for digital terrestrial, cable and satellite TV, DVDs and digital video recorders (DVRs).MPEG uses lossy compression within each frame similar to JPEG, which means pixels from the original images are permanently discarded. It also uses interframe coding, which further compresses the data by encoding only the differences between periodic frames (see interframe coding). MPEG performs the actual compression using the discrete cosine transform (DCT) method (see DCT).MPEG is an asymmetrical system. It takes longer to compress the video than it does to decompress it in the DVD player, PC, set-top box or digital TV set. As a result, in the early days, compression was perfomed only in the studio. As chips advanced and became less costly, they enabled digital video recorders, such as Tivos, to convert analog TV to MPEG and record it on disk in real time (see DVR).MPEG-1 (Video CDs)Although MPEG-1 supports higher resolutions, it is typically coded at 352x240 x 30fps (NTSC) or 352x288 x 25fps (PAL/SECAM). Full 704x480 and 704x576 frames (BT.601) were scaled down for encoding and scaled up for playback. MPEG-1 uses the YCbCr color space with 4:2:0 sampling, but did not provide a standard way of handling interlaced video. Data rates were limited to 1.8 Mbps, but often exceeded. See chroma subsampling.MPEG-2 (DVD, Digital TV)MPEG-2 provides broadcast quality video with resolutions up to 1920x1080. It supports a variety of audio/video formats, including legacy TV, HDTV and five channel surround sound. MPEG-2 uses the YCbCr color space with 4:2:0, 4:2:2 and 4:4:4 sampling and supports interlaced video. Data rates are from 1.5 to 60 Mbps. See chroma subsampling.MPEG-4 (All Inclusive and Interactive)MPEG-4 is an extremely comprehensive system for multimedia representation and distribution. Based on a variation of Apple's QuickTime container format, MPEG-4 offers a variety of compression options, including low-bandwidth formats for transmitting to wireless devices as well as high bandwidth for studio processing. The widely used MP4 file format and H.264 codec are based on MPEG-4. See MP4, H.264 and QuickTime.MPEG-4 also incorporates AAC, which is a high-quality audio encoder. MPEG-4 AAC is widely used as an audio-only format (see AAC).A major feature of MPEG-4 is its ability to identify and deal with separate audio and video objects in the frame, which allows individual elements to be compressed more efficiently. User-controlled interactive sequences that include audio, video, text, 2D and 3D objects and animations are all part of the MPEG-4 framework. For more information, visit the MPEG Industry Forum at www.mpegif.org.MPEG-7 (Meta-Data)MPEG-7 is about describing multimedia objects and has nothing to do with compression. It provides a library of core description tools and an XML-based Description Definition Language (DDL) for extending the library with additional multimedia objects. Color, texture, shape and motion are examples of characteristics defined by MPEG-7.MPEG-21 (Digital Rights Infrastructure)MPEG-21 provides a comprehensive framework for storing, searching, accessing and protecting the copyrights of multimedia assets. It was designed to provide a standard for digital rights management as well as interoperability. MPEG-21 uses the "Digital Item" as a descriptor for all multimedia objects. Like MPEG-7, it does not deal with compression methods.The Missing NumbersMPEG-3 was abandoned after initial development because MPEG-2 was considered sufficient. Because MPEG-7 does not deal with compression, it was felt a higher number was needed to distance it from MPEG-4. MPEG-21 was coined for the 21st century. See MP3, MPEG-H, M-JPEG, MPEG LA, MPEGIF, Pro-MPEG Forum, MPEG-DASH, JPEG and interframe coding.
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A group of standards for encoding and compressing audiovisual information such as movies, video, and music. MPEG is asymmetric in nature, as the compression process is time consuming and processor-intensive, whereas the decompression process is rapid and involves relatively inexpensive equipment. MPEG compression is as high as 200:1 for low-motion video of VHSquality, and broadcast quality can be achieved at 6 Mbps. Audio is supported at rates from 32 kbps to 384 kbps for up to two stereo channels. MPEG specifies lossy compression in the form of discrete cosine transform (DCT). MPEG is a joint technical committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). See also asymmetric, broadcast quality, compression, DCT, encode, IEC, ISO, and lossy compression.
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The ISO/IEC International Standard (IS 11172) for storage and retrieval of moving pictures and audio on storage media such as Compact Disc (CD). MPEG-1 provides VHS quality at 1.544 Mbps and is compatible with single-speed CD-ROM technology. MPEG-1 integrates synchronous and isochronous audio with video, and permits the random access required by interactive multimedia applications such as video games. Intended for limited-bandwidth transmission, it provides acceptable quality and output compatible with standard televisions. MPEG-1 supports video compression of about 100:1. MPEG-1 standards are the basis for the MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3) audio data encoding system. See also audio, bandwidth, compression, encode, IEC, ISO, isochronous, MP3, MPEG, synchronous, and video.
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The ISO/IEC International Standard (IS 13818) for digital television (DTV). MPEG-2 was conceived as an encoding and compression standard for broadcast television based on interlaced scanning of images at 720
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The ISO/IEC international standard officially is known as the Multimedia Framework, is an ongoing effort to determine how various multimedia components fit together and to identify new multimedia infrastructure standards that may be required. MPEC-21 also deals with issues of content identification, description, and security. In large part, the focus of MPEG-21 is on the protection of intellectual property through security mechanisms designed to prevent unauthorized access and modification of multimedia content. See also intellectual property, MPEG, and multimedia.
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The ISO/IEC international standard for high definition television (HDTV), MPEG-3 was folded into MPEG-2 in 1992. See also HDTV, IEC, ISO, and MPEG-2.
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The ISO/IEC International Standard (IS 14496) for multimedia applications. MPEG-4 is a low bit-rate standard for encoding and compression intended for application in broadcast television, videophones, and mobile phones and other small handheld devices. MPEG-4 is designed for IMT2000 wireless applications at rates of up to 384 kbps upstream and 2 Mbps downstream. MPEG-4 deals with the coded representation of audiovisual objects, both natural and synthetic, and their multiplexing and demultiplexing for transmission, playback, and storage. See also compression, downstream, encode, IEC, ISO, MPEG, multimedia, multiplex, and upstream.
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The ISO/IEC international standard officially known as the Multimedia Content DescriptionInterface, MPEG-7 is intended to be the content representation standard for multimedia information search, filtering, management, processing, and retrieval. MPEG-7 essentially is a metadata standard based on XML (eXtensible Markup Language) for describing multimedia content features in order that one can easily search for multimedia content on the Web. See also MPEG, multimedia, Web, and XML.
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Origin of mpeg

  • m(oving) p(ictures) e(xperts) g(roup)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition