Two of his merits seem to have impressed the ancients themselves.
The tower of Notre Dame, dating from 1180, is a landmark across the dunes, and the church behind it, although a shell, merits inspection.
(His merits as a writer are dealt with in the article Spain: Literature).
We have already mentioned the final conception in which Lotze's speculation culminates, that of a personal Deity, Himself the essence of all that merits existence for its own sake, who in the creation and government of a world has voluntarily chosen certain laws and forms through which His ends are to be realized.
Of Naples marked his recognition of Vico's merits by appointing him historiographer-royal, with a yearly stipend of t oo ducats.