Marquis meaning

The definition of a marquis is a European nobleman below a duke and above an earl or count.

An example of a marquis was the Marquis de Sade, a French aristocrat and writer who was famous for his erotic novels.

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In some countries of Europe, a nobleman ranking above an earl or count and below a duke.
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1878-1937; U.S. humorist & journalist.
proper name
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A nobleman in England, France, and Germany, of a rank next below that of duke, but above a count. Originally, the marquis was an officer whose duty was to guard the marches or frontiers of the kingdom. The office has ceased, and the name is now a mere title conferred by patent.
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Origin of marquis

  • Partly from French marquis and partly from Middle English marques both from Old French marquis, marchis from marche border country of Germanic origin merg- in Indo-European roots
    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
  • French: marquis; Old French: markis, marchis; Late Latin: marchensis; Old High German: marcha. Frankish *marka, from Proto-Germanic *markō, from Proto-Indo-European *mereg- (“edge, boundary").
    From Wiktionary
  • Meaning is “lord of the march", in sense of march (“border country").
    From Wiktionary