They rose in order to fight for their own rights, liberties and land.
The republic of Venice was respected in her liberties and Lombard territories.
The Habsburg kings were as jealous of the political as of the religious liberties of their Hungarian subjects.
To this weakened and terrorized assembly the emperorking explained that he had the right to treat Hungary as a conquered country, but that he was prepared to confirm its constitutional liberties under three conditions: the inaugural diploma was to be in the form signed by Ferdinand I., the crown was to be declared hereditary in the house of Habsburg, and the 31st clause of the Golden Bull, authorizing armed resistance to unconstitutional acts of the sovereign, was to be abrogated.
But this violent and perilous upset of the internal liberties of the republic did not last long.