- urinary organ
- abdominal gland
- excretory organ
Other Word Forms of Kidney
Origin of Kidney
From Middle English kednei, kidenei, from earlier kidnēre, kidenēre (“kidney”). Of obscure origin and formation. Probably a compound consisting of Middle English *kid, *quid (“belly, womb”), from Old English cwiþ, cwiþa (“belly, womb, stomach”) + Middle English nēre (“kidney”), from Old English *nēora (“kidney”), from Proto-Germanic *neurô (“kidney”), from Proto-Indo-European *negʷh-r- (“kidney”). If so, then related to Scots nere, neir (“kidney”), Dutch nier (“kidney”), German Niere (“kidney”), Danish nyre (“kidney”), Swedish njure (“kidney”).
Alternate etymology traces the first element to Old English cēod, codd (“sack, scrotum”), from Proto-Germanic *keudō (“sack”) as the terms for testicle and kidney were often interchangeable in Germanic (compare Old High German nioro (“kidney", also "testicle”), Old Swedish vig-niauri (“testicle”). More at codpiece.
Middle English kidenei
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
Find Similar Words
Find similar words to kidney using the buttons below.