noun New England & Upper Midwest
Cornmeal bread usually shaped into a flat cake and baked or fried on a griddle. Also called Also called regionally ashcake . Also called batter bread . Also called battercake . Also called corn cake . Also called cornpone . Also called hoecake . Also called journey cake . Also called pone . Also called Shawnee cake .
Origin of johnnycake Perhaps alteration
( influenced by the name Johnny
) ( and cake
earlier jonakin perhaps akin to
English dialectal (Lancashire) jannock flat loaf of oaten bread perhaps from Jan variant of the name John Our Living Language
When the Native Americans showed the Pilgrims how to cook with maize, they must have taught them to make johnnycake,
a dense cornmeal bread whose thick batter is shaped into a flat cake and baked or fried on a griddle. Johnnycake,
also called journey cake
and Shawnee cake,
is a New England specialty, especially in Rhode Island, where johnnycakes are often made of white Indian corn called flint corn.
Outside New England the name johnnycake
is best known in the Upper Midwest, but the food itself is most popular in the South and South Midland states, where it is known as ashcake, batter bread, battercake, corn cake, cornpone,
- (US) A dense, baked or fried flatbread made of cornmeal.
johnny, alteration of journey + cake