Idiom meaning

ĭdē-əm
Frequency:
The definition of an idiom is the language or expressions used by a specific group of people.

An example of idiom is the phrase "a dime a dozen."

noun
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19
A speech form or an expression of a given language that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of its elements, as in keep tabs on.
noun
37
14
A specialized vocabulary used by a group of people; jargon.

Legal idiom.

noun
31
17
A style of artistic expression characteristic of a particular individual, school, period, or medium.

The idiom of the French impressionists; the punk rock idiom.

noun
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14
Regional speech or dialect.
noun
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16
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The specific grammatical, syntactic, and structural character of a given language.
noun
13
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A phrase, construction, or expression that is recognized as a unit in the usage of a given language and either differs from the usual syntactic patterns or has a meaning that differs from the literal meaning of its parts taken together (Ex.: not a word did she say; she heard it straight from the horse's mouth)
noun
11
6
(programming) A programming construct or phraseology generally held to be the most efficient, elegant or effective means to achieve a particular result or behavior.
noun
10
5
The language or dialect of a people, region, class, etc.
noun
10
6
The usual way in which the words of a particular language are joined together to express thought.
noun
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6
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An artistic style (for example, in art, architecture, or music); an instance of such a style.
noun
10
6
noun
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A characteristic style, as in art or music.
noun
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8
(now rare) A manner of speaking, a way of expressing oneself.
noun
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7
The style of expression characteristic of an individual.

The idiom of Hemingway.

noun
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An expression peculiar to or characteristic of a particular language, especially when the meaning is illogical or separate from the meanings of its component words.
noun
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5
Specifically, a particular variety of language; a restricted dialect used in a given historical period, context etc.
noun
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5

Origin of idiom

  • Late Latin idiōma idiōmat- from Greek from idiousthai to make one's own from idios own, personal, private s(w)e- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Middle French idiome, and its source, Late Latin idioma, from Ancient Greek ἰδίωμα (idioma, “a peculiarity, property, a peculiar phraseology, idiom”), from ἰδιοῦσθαι (idiousthai, “to make one's own, appropriate to oneself”), from ἴδιος (idios, “one's own, pertaining to oneself, private, personal, peculiar, separate”).

    From Wiktionary