To grant a security interest in something as collateral for a debt.
To pledge (property) as security or collateral without delivery of title or possession.
(usage problem) To hypothesize.
To pledge (property) to another as security without transferring possession or title.
(politics, UK) To designate a new tax or tax increase for a specific expenditure.
Origin of hypothecate
- Medieval Latin hypothēcāre hypothēcāt- from Latin hypothēca pledge, deposit from Greek hupothēkē from hupotithenai to give as a pledge, suppose hypothesis
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- From Latin hypothecatus, past participle of hypotheco, hypothecare. This was in turn derived from Ancient Greek ὑποθήκη (hupothēkē, “pledge”), from the verb ὑποτίθημι (hupotithēmi, “to pledge as surety”).