A desert of southeast Mongolia and northern China. It consists mainly of a series of shallow alkaline basins.
From Mongolian Говь (Govʹ)
- The eastern Gobi, the occasionally fertile and occasionally sandy plains.
- In both the desert of Gobi and in the desert of Lop a diurnal range of 44° has been observed.
- Asia is divided laterally along the parallel of 40° north by a depression which, beginning on the east of the desert of Gobi, extends westwards through Mongolia to Chinese Turkestan.
- Starting from the Amur river and reaching along the eastern margin of the Gobi desert towards the sources of the Hwangho, it merges into the Altyn-tagh and the Kuen-lun, forming the northern face of the vast Tibetan highlands which are bounded on the south by the Himalaya.
- From it the Oxus, or Amu, flows off to the west, and the Jaxartes, or Syr, to the north, through the Turki state of Khokand, while to the east the waters run down past Kashgar to the central desert of the Gobi, uniting with the streams from the northern slope of the Tibetan plateau that traverse the principalities of Yarkand and Khotan, which are also Turki.