This ocean, already diminished in area, retreated after Oligocene times from the Iranian plateau, Turkestan, Asia Minor and the region of the north-west Alps.
PANJDEH, or Penjdeh, a village of Russian Turkestan, rendered famous by "the Panjdeh scare" of 1885.
KUNDUZ, a khanate and town of Afghan Turkestan.
Grossen Feldzuge in Turkestan, 1893, v.).
In 1867 he became governor of Turkestan, and held the post until his death, making himself a name in the expansion of the empire in central Asia.