The government conducted other enumerations over time.
The same course was followed at the three succeeding enumerations, but in 1901 the former practice was resumed.
This last information was made voluntary in 1881 and the following enumerations without materially affecting the extent of the record.
Enumerations were conducted independently by the different states until 1871, when the first federal census was taken of the older parts of the Dominion.
A strong argument in favour of the eleventh census, apart from its self-consistency, is that its results as a whole fit in with the subsequent state enumerations.