Elder definitions

ĕl'dər
The definition of an elder is an older person or an ancestor.

An example of an elder is a 95 year old man.

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Elder means being older than others.

An example of elder used as an adjective is in the phrase "the elder member of the family," which means the oldest member of the family.

adjective
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Greater than another in age or seniority.
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Superior to another or others, as in rank.
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An older person.
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An older, influential member of a family, tribe, or community.
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One of the governing officers of a church, often having pastoral or teaching functions.
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A member of the higher order of priesthood.
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Born or brought forth earlier than another or others; exceeding another in age; senior; older.
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Of longer standing or superior rank, position, validity, etc.
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Earlier; former; ancient.
adjective
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An older person.
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An aged person.
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A forefather; ancestor; predecessor.
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An older person with some authority or dignity in a tribe or community.
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An officer in an early Christian church.
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In some Protestant churches, a minister; also, a member appointed to the ruling body who may also assist at Communion.
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A member of the Melchizedek priesthood.
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Any of a genus (Sambucus) of shrubs and small trees of the honeysuckle family, with compound leaves and flat-topped clusters of small white flowers followed by red or purple berries.
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Any of various unrelated plants, as the box elder or the marsh elder.
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adjective
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An older person or an older member, usually a leader, of some community.

We were presented to the village elder.

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One who is older than another.

Respect your elders.

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One who lived at an earlier period; a predecessor.
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An officer of a church, sometimes having teaching responsibilities.
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A clergyman authorized to administer all the sacraments.

A travelling elder.

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(US, Mormonism) One ordained to the lowest office in the Melchizedek priesthood.

After being a member of the Church for a while, Bill was ordained to the office of elder.

Jack had been an elder for only a few days when he received a new calling.

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(US, Mormonism) Male missionary, title for a male missionary; title for a general authority.

The elders are coming over for dinner tonight.

One of the long-time leaders in the Church is Elder Packer.

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(paganism and Heathenry) A pagan or Heathen priest or priestess.
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A small tree, Sambucus nigra, having white flowers in a cluster, and edible purple berries.
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Any of the other species of the genus Sambucus: small trees, shrubs or herbaceous perennials with red, purple, or white/yellow berries (some of which are poisonous).
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Origin of elder

From Middle English eldre, eller, from Old English ellærn, from Proto-Germanic *el(d)ernaz (confer Low German Elhorn, Elloorn), adjectival from Proto-Indo-European *h₁edʰ-l-i 'spruce, fir' (compare Middle Irish aidlen 'silver fir', Latin ebulus (“dwarf elder”), Old Prussian addle 'fir', Czech jedle 'silver fir', Ancient Greek ἐλάτη (elate, “silver fir”)