In "42 ÷ 3" the dividend is the 42.
An example of a dividend is an amount of money shared amongst many stockholders.
An example of a dividend is a refund made to insurance policy holders from the the insurance company's profits.
An example of a dividend is a bonus paid to customers as a special gift.
Origin of dividend
- Alteration (influenced by French dividende) of Middle English divident from Latin dīvidēns dīvident- present participle of dīvidere to divide divide
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition