(1) The relation to the external world of the man who commits the deeds.
Edith Shipton commits suicide just like Annie Quincy did.
On the other hand, in discussing the ontological argument, Lotze commits himself to a moral a priori (below, ad fin.).
On the Congo, if a man commits a murder, the community votes whether he shall die or be expelled; if the latter, a victim is killed, of which all must partake; but this is not, as might be imagined, a case of Robertson Smith's piaculum for the re-establishment of the tribal bond; for the criminal is driven out of the community.
In Austria, whoever commits blasphemy by speech or writing is liable to imprisonment for any term from six months up to ten years, according to the seriousness of the offence.