Circumstance definition

sûrkəm-stăns
Conditions surrounding and affecting a person, esp. financial conditions.

In comfortable circumstances.

noun
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Any happening or fact; event.
noun
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8
Financial status or means.
noun
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1
A fact or event accompanying another, either incidentally or as an essential condition or determining factor.

Circumstances alter cases.

noun
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9
The definition of a circumstance is a state that you are in, the details surrounding a situation, or a condition that causes something to occur.

An example of a circumstance is when you are very poor.

noun
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A particular incident or occurrence.

Your arrival was a fortunate circumstance.

noun
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To place in particular circumstances or conditions; situate.
verb
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An urgent situation in which a law enforcement officer who has probable cause must take immediate steps to make an arrest, search, or seizure without a warrant because someone’s life or safety is at risk or because there is an imminent threat that a suspect will escape or evidence will be removed or destroyed.
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The sum of determining factors beyond willful control.

A victim of circumstance.

noun
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Formal display; ceremony.

The pomp and circumstance of a coronation.

noun
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An act, condition, event, or fact connected with another act, condition, event, or fact either as an accessory or as a contributing or determining element.
noun
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1
To place in a particular situation, especially with regard to money or other resources.
verb
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1
Accompanying or surrounding detail.
noun
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Fullness of detail.
noun
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A circumstance that increases the culpability or liability of a person or the measure of damages or punishment for a crime or tort.
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An urgent situation that demands extraordinary or immediate action. Such a circumstance often allows for the circumvention of procedures that would otherwise be required by law. For example, if a car hits a child, the fact that immediate medical attention is needed to save the child’s life is an exigent circumstance that excuses the physician’s treatment of the child before parental consent is obtained.
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A circumstance (such as having a mental defect at the time of the wrongdoing) that does not exonerate, but reduces the culpability of, a person for a tort or crime he has committed and that may result in a reduction of the damages or punishment to be imposed. See also diminished capacity.
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A circumstance (such as turning oneself in for arrest) that does not reduce a person’s culpability for a crime he has committed, but that may result in a reduction of the punishment to be imposed. See also negligence and defense.
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That which attends, or relates to, or in some way affects, a fact or event; an attendant thing or state of things.
noun
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An event; a fact; a particular incident.
noun
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0
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Circumlocution; detail.
noun
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Condition in regard to worldly estate; state of property; situation; surroundings.
noun
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Ceremony; show.

Pomp and circumstance.

noun
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To place in certain circumstances.
verb
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A condition or fact attending an event and having some bearing on it; a determining or modifying factor.

Set out a day early because of favorable circumstances.

noun
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Chance; luck.

Circumstance would have it so.

noun
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under no circumstances
  • In no case; never.
idiom
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under
  • Given these conditions; such being the case.
idiom
3
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under no circumstances
  • under no conditions; never
idiom
6
2
under the circumstances
  • conditions being what they are or were
idiom
4
2
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
circumstance
Plural:
circumstances

Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

Origin of circumstance

  • Middle English from Old French circonstance from Latin circumstantia from circumstāns circumstant- present participle of circumstāre to stand around circum- circum- stāre to stand stā- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Old French circonstance, from Latin circumstantia

    From Wiktionary